Children everywhere know the historic fourth century saint as the man who comes down their chimney every Christmas night to bring them presents and gifts. Saint Nicholas’ modern day moniker actually came from the Dutch folk figure, Sinterklaas, which eventually became Santa Claus. The real Saint Nicholas is renowned among the Faithful, and is known for his legendary habit of secret gift giving. After his death, many have claimed to have relics of Saint Nicholas’ bones. Where is he really buried?
Saint Nicholas, also known as Saint Nikolaos of Myra, was born in Asia Minor the year 270 in a port city on the mediterranean, Patara, but quickly after moved to Myra. He was the son of wealthy Catholic parents who tragically died during an epidemic. His uncle, the Bishop of Myra at the time, took him in and raised him. Religious from a very young age, Saint Nicholas astutely observed canonical fasting. He was tonsured and eventually ordained a priest by his uncle. History remembers him as a legendary gift giver, and in his most famous story, he helped a poor man with three daughters unable to pay dowry. Unable to afford a proper dowry, the poor man’s daughters would surely remain unmarried and have to become prostitutes in absence of any other employment. Not wanting to draw attention to himself, Saint Nicholas went to the poor man’s house one night and threw three purses filled with gold coins through the window, one for each daughter.
After the death of Saint Nicholas in December of 343, his body was buried in his birth city of Myra in modern day Turkey and was a popular pilgrimage spot. For over 600 years, he remained interred there until sailors from Bari, Italy began to worry because Myra was going to get overtaken by Seljuk Turks. Fearing the capture of Saint Nicholas’ bones by Muslim conquest, the majority of his bones were taken by the sailors back to Bari in the spring of 1087. The few relics left behind are still on display in Myra.
His bones have since been housed in the Basilica di San Nicola in a subterranean tomb, the church being a popular destination for Faithful around the globe. His bones are said to exude myrrh, and every year on his feast day (December 6th), clergy lower a flask into the tomb and collect some of the liquid. It is quite possible that the liquid is simply condensation from being underground in a seaside port city, however.
In May, his bones were moved for the first time in 1000 years to go on loan to Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow until July 12th. After the visit of thousands to see the relics at the Moscow Church, the bones will then be transferred to St. Petersburg until July 28th. After, they will be flown back to Bari, Italy in a special reliquary to once again be interred underground.